This area of study has generated a lot of controversies since its inception. This article will not bore you with details of these controversies, instead it will explain some key facts you need to know about it. We will also cite few instances where necessary.
A lot of researches had been done on this field, and they have truly produced great results especially between the end of last century till date. This is the development of intelligent agents that performs certain actions they have been directed to do.
The chief protagonist of artificial intelligence, John McCarthy in the late 50s proclaimed that it is the art of making intelligent agents. Researches in artificial intelligent is highly specialized and technical. It is divided into a wide range of factors, and it is geared toward the achievement of specific approaches or applications.
The goals of artificial intelligent are knowledge, reasoning, learning, planning, perception, communication, general intelligence as well as the ability to manipulate and move objects. Some of the present approaches to this field include but not limited to traditional symbolic artificial intelligence, computational intelligence and statistical methods.
Additionally, there are lots of tools used in artificial intelligence, some of them are: logic, mathematical optimization, methods based on economics and probability etc. This field raises the question that the human mind can be manipulated and that there is a great possibility of creating artificial beings.
However, this created very serious debates in philosophy; some were in complimentary camps, while others vehemently opposed this myth or fiction. One thing remain outstanding, it is the fact that philosophy disagree with some postulations of artificial intelligence. Though, it has provided a conceptual framework especially with regard to solving some issues in computer science.
Right from antiquity, mathematicians and philosophers has developed formal or mechanical reasoning, which is capable of performing certain actions. In fact the amazing discoveries made in information theory, neurology as well as cybernetics has given rise to the development of an electronic brain.
The founders of this study were really optimistic about the future of this new field. At one point, Herbert Simon boasted that since computers are able to solve difficult algebra or logical algorithms as well as speak some languages, they will in less than twenty years perform any work any human can do with ease.
We are living in an era of artificial intelligence. Both the British and U.S governments have pumped lots of money in the development of this study, though the decline of the Lisp machine in the late 80s brought a lot of disrespect to this field.
In this apex of civilization called 21st century, artificial intelligence has achieved a great success. Today, it is successfully being used in data mining, logistics, medical diagnosis and so on. The success is attributed to rigorous scientific efforts and solid mathematical methods.
Artificial intelligence has succeeded in mimicking the ability of man to guess or perform certain calculations. Because it can now perform any action a man can do in a faster rate.
However, the disadvantage is that it can make man to be intellectually lazy. In the future man may no longer do a solid mathematical calculation without the use of any artificial device such as a calculator or any mathematical device. This course of study is capable of helping man to achieve his dreams. Overall, artificial intelligence is a good thing that helps in shaping humanity!